05 | Design of the public realm
Design of the public realm
Developing sustainable neighbourhoods should be guided by the principle of Universal Design. Universal Design is the design of an environment so that it can be accessed, understood and used to the greatest extent possible by all people regardless of their age, size, ability or disability. By considering people’s diverse needs and abilities throughout the design process, which reflects the life cycle approach, environments that meet the needs of all can be achieved. In this way, sustainable design and Universal Design are inextricably linked and sustainable design when incorporated from the early stage of planning integrated neighbourhoods, will reduce the need for costly and wasteful retrofits over the medium to long term.
Guidelines for Planning Authorities on Sustainable Residential Developments in Urban Areas (Cities, towns and Villages).
REFERENCES AND WEBSITES
The following guides, standards and reports provide information on designing the public realm in a way that ensures that it can be accessed and enjoyed by all:
- Buildings for Life, (online). Buildings for Life is a UK based government-endorsed industry standard for well-designed homes and neighbourhoods that is intended to guide discussions about creating good places to live. The Build for Life Quality mark provides 12 key Built for Life standards against which places can be assessed and accredited. Available at: https://www.designcouncil.org.uk/resources/guide/building-life-12-third-edition. (Accessed August 2018).
- Centre for Excellence in Universal Design, National Disability Authority, (2012) (online). Buildings for Everyone: A Universal Design Approach. Booklet 1 – External Environment and Approach, Appendix A3, Further Reading, provides a list of National and International standards and codes of practice Available at http://universaldesign.ie/Built-Environment/Building-for-Everyone/. (Accessed August 2018).
- Design Council, UK, (online). Designing good mental health into cities: the next frontier for urban design. Available at: https://www.designcouncil.org.uk/news-opinion/designing-good-mental-health-cities-next-frontier-urban-design. (Accessed August 2018).
- Dublin City Council Public Realm Strategy, (online). Is an example of a Council setting out a Universal Design Approach to designing and managing the public realm. Available at: http://www.dublincity.ie/sites/default/files/content/Planning/Documents/YDYVPublicRealmFinal.pdf. (Accessed August 2018).
- GEHL Institute, (2018) (online). Inclusive Health Place: A Guide to Inclusion & Health in Public Space: Learning Globally to Transform Locally. Available at: https://gehlinstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/Inclusive-Healthy-Places_Gehl-Institute.pdf. (Accessed August 2018).
- Grey, T., Siddal, E. and O’Shea, E. (2012) (online). Shared Space, Shared Surfaces and Home Zones from a Universal Design Approach for the Urban Environment in Ireland, National Disability Authority. TrinityHaus. Available at: http://universaldesign.ie/Built-Environment/Shared-Space/. (Accessed August 2018).
Irish Wheelchair Association, (2014) (online). Best Practice Access Guidelines, Designing Accessible Environments. 3rd Edition. Available at: https://www.iwa.ie/downloads/about/iwa-access-guidelines.pdf. (Accessed August 2018).
Molloy, R. and Costello, A. (2014-2015) (online). Age Friendly Towns, A Guide. Age Friendly Ireland. Available at: http://agefriendlyireland.ie/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/Online-AFI-Toolkit.pdf. (Accessed August 2018).
Royal Town Planning Institute, (online). Dementia and Town Planning. A practice note that gives advice on how good planning can create better environments for people living with dementia. Available at: http://www.rtpi.org.uk/knowledge/practice/dementia-and-town-planning/. (Accessed August 2018).